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Thursday, 15 March 2012

SWAN WITH TWO NECKS, Strait Shambles

SWAN WITH TWO NECKS
2 or 3  Strait Shambles.
Some details would seem to still be visible over the door, but sadly, the
"Swan with Two Necks" looks well and truly closed. The photograph must
have been taken between 1881 and 1886, when all these buildings were
demolished to make way for the Harris Museum.
*
J. CHIPPENDALES moved into the "Shakespeare Tavern" on the left
of the photograph, when they ceased trading a few years earlier.
*
The buildings just visible through the far entrance are on Lancaster Road,
which the Earl of Derby and others, had reconstructed over the previous
twenty or so years.

*
MINE HOSTS:
1803                     Mrs. Ann Sumner
1812 - 18             John Watson
1824 - 28             George Jackson
1831                     James Dewhurst   - Gone by 9.4.1831. Insolvent debtor.
1840                     Joseph Swarbrick - James Swarbrick was born in 1793 at Wesham. He married Thomasine 
                                                                                   Melling in 1816.  Joseph was their son.
1841                     Mary Thompson
1841 - 42             James Leigh
1843                     Mr. Green
1851 - 57             Edward Hunt
1859 - 61             George Bibby
1863 - 64             John Topping
1865                    Edward Whiteside (John Whiteside)
1865 - 67             Richard Sumner
1867 - 69             William Lee  -  seen on one occasion as 'T. Lee'
1869             September 1869 - William Lee refused licence, but transferred to:-
1869                    Elizabeth Balderston
1869                    John Morris  - seen in a Court case in Preston Chronicle 18th Dec.1869 as Thomas Morris
1870                    James Smith and Sarah Smith (late Sarah Ward)
1870 - 73            William Smith
1875                    James Kershaw
1875                    Miles Ratcliffe  
1876                    Nathan Holland
1876 - 79            Joseph Hepworth (Hopwood)
1879 - 81            James Lang
*
Court Leet 28th October 1803:
"Mrs. Ann Sumner, proprietor of the Swan in the
Strait Shambles, for not having sufficiently covered
a well near the entrance to the said Shambles, so that
the same is dangerous to the public passing over the
said well, and amerce her in the sum of 40 shillings 
if not sufficiently repaired within one week after
notice."
*
Preston Chronicle 5th February 1831
*
A SQUABBLE- On Wednesday last Mrs Thomasin Swarbrick, of the "Swan-with-two-necks", Straight Shambles, and Joseph Curling, a person employed as a waiter etc. by her, appeared before the magistrates at the Town-hall to answer a charge of assault preferred against them by Mrs Parker of the Roebuck public house situate a short distance from the Swan. From the statement of the complainant, it appeared that there had been some pecuniary transaction between her and the defendant, Mrs Swarbrick, and a balance of more than two pounds was alleged to be still owing, of which a settlement had been requested, but instead of the desire being complied with, a very uncivil answer had been sent back. Now this was more than the complainant felt disposed to submit to, and she thereupon resolved to ask for an explanation in propria personae, a resolution which the result showed to have been very unluckily formed; for in seeking for and obtaining an interview with the defendant and after making known her errand, the defendant with a zeal and energy “becoming a better cause” at once assumed an attitude of bold defiance and not content with barking without biting, then proceeded to “let slip” the claws of demolition, and “cry havoc” to a straw bonnet worn by the complainant. And in this merciless annihilation to the fragile head gear, the defendant, Curling, was implicated as being “aiding and abetting” though not, it would seem, to any violent extent, for on the termination of the hearing of the charges he was allowed to be discharged on payment of costs. The female defendant, however, was not let off on quite so favourable terms, for in her case it was decreed that not only should she pay the costs, but also make restitution to the complainant to the amount of the value of the bonnet; and to this it was further required that she should find bail to keep the peace towards all her Majesty’s lieges, more especially the complainant, with which several terms she instantly complied, and the parties then left the hall, under what feelings, respectively, the reader will more readily conceive than we could describe.” 
The Preston Pilot and County Advertiser Saturday January 18th 1840
Thanks to Dave Swarbrick for bringing this article to my attention.
*
Valuable Freehold Property on Sale
To be Sold by Private Treaty
The fee simple and inheritance of and in all that Inn or Public House situate in the Straight Shambles, in Preston, in the County of Lancaster, called or known by the name of "Swan-with-two-necks" and now in the occupation of Mr Joseph Swarbrick; and also of and in the Butcher's shop, in the occupation of the said Mr Joseph Swarbrick, adjoining the said Inn or Public House.
The above is a very desirable investment for capitalists wanting good interest for their money, as it will realise from seven to eight percent; and is also capable of much improvement by a small outlay.
For further particulars apply to Mr Thomas Dawson, Meadow-street, Preston.
Preston Chronicle. Saturday, May 9, 1840
*

*
FINE ON A PUBLICAN
Yesterday, at the Town Hall, Joseph Swarbrick, of
the "Swan With Two Necks," public house, Strait
Shambles, was charged with permitting drunkenness
in his house.

It appeared in evidence, that the defendant's house
was frequently used as a concert room, in which the
most disorderly scenes are constantly taking place.
We would strenuously recommend the police to look 
sharply after this house, and all the other public house
concert places, for there can be no doubt that they are
the most fruitful birth-places of crime and dissipation of 
every description that can be inflicted on any community.
The defendant was fined 40s and costs.

It is a notorious fact, that as a result of these cabarets -
these pot-house singing shops - benefit concerts are
regularly and formally given, the prices of admission
being specified in the advertisements which announce
them. For instance, there was one of these benefits
last evening, where doubtless indecency and dissipation
would be carried on to an enormous extent. We can
scarcely wonder at the increase of crime, especially so
far as the youthful classes are concerned, so long as 
these dens of temptation and iniquity are allowed to 
keep open their contempting portals.
Preston Chronicle  11th July 1840
*
To Be Sold by Auction
The fee simple and inheritance of and in all that well-accustomed Inn or Public House called "The Swan-with-two-necks," and also the Butcher's Shop underneath or adjoining to the same, situate in the Straight Shambles in Preston, and now or lately, in the possession of Joseph Swarbrick as tenant thereof, from year to year, at a rent of £50.
Preston Chronicle 17th October 1840
*
THE GUILD
The butchers of this town held a meeting
at the house of Mr. James Leigh, the
"Swan with Two Necks," in the Strait
Shambles, when among other resolutions,
it was agreed that the whole body should 
walk in procession at the approachng Guild, 
in blue frock-coats.
Preston Chronicle  6th August 1841
*
DESPERATE AFFRAY AMONG THE BUTCHERS
On Monday last, James Leigh, who keeps the
Swan With Two Necks, in the Strait Shambles,
was fined 20s and costs, for permitting drunkenness
in his house.

The circumstances of the case, as far as we could 
glean them, were as follows:
On Wednesday week, at about 2 o'clock in the
morning, a large party of men, butchers from the
Shambles, had assembled in Leigh's house, and were 
found by the constables at that hour fighting one
amongst the other, and the landlord with them.
Several of them were taken into custody, when
five were fined 5s and costs for being drunk and
disorderly, and two were let off on payment of
the costs. 
The defendant, Leigh, was severely reprimanded by 
the Magistrates. The defence offered  was, that he
himself had sent for the constables.
Preston Chronicle 19th February 1842
*
A man named ALTY was brought up on Monday
charged by P.C. Horsfall with being drunk, and
with knocking at the door of Mr. Hunt, Swan with
Two Necks, early on Sunday morning last, and
with making a great noise. The defendant said that 
he had been walking all day - he had walked "from
Kendal in Yorkshire," and as he had always been
in the habit of stopping at Hunt's when he came to 
this town, he had gone there as usual.

Mr. Banister, "The prisoner had behaved himself
very badly in the lock-up." To which the defendant
replied, "Whod! Aw mopped o' lock-up, and med it
o' noice an cleean for yo; whod would you hev?
(laughter in court)

The Mayor said, "It appears you have been here
before, and promised to leave the town." The
defendant replied, "Well aw did leeav it."
The Mayor said, "But you're here again," to which
Alty said, "Well, aw'll goo agen." (loud laughter)
"aw'm gooin' to th'Newmarket Coorsing meeting,
an aw'll leeav th'teawn if yo'll forgie mi this toime."

The Mayor said, "You are fined 5s for being drunk."
to which Alty said, "Aw cornt pay it." (laughter)
The Mayor said, "We'll give you a week to pay it in,"
and the defendant replied, "Thank you, Sir"; and 
after making a low salaam, he left the court.
Preston Chronicle 1st November 1851
*
RABBIT COURSING
A rabbit coursing match, for £14, given by
Mr. Bibby of the Swan with Two Necks,
Strait Shambles, took place yesterday in
the Borough Gardens, lent for the day by 
Mr. Aspden.

Some first rate dogs from different parts
of the county, and from Yorkshire, ran.
Preston Chronicle  25th February 1860
*
RACES
Several races for various sums of money were run in
Preston Borough Gardens, on Wednesday. The first
was a dog race, for £5 a side, distance 200 yards, 
between Mr. Bibby's "Grip," and Mr. J. Proctor's
"Spring." The latter dog had 83/4 yards start, in
consequence of weight. "GRIP" won by a yard.

A foot race for £5 a side, afterwards came off between 
Mr. J. Emery, Basket-maker, Market Place, and
Mr. J. Hibbert, Innkeeper, of Droylesden, near
Manchester, distance 80 yards. Mr. Hibbert won
by 4 yards.

After this, a race took place between Mr. Emery
and Mr. G. Bibby, landlord of the "Swan With Two
Necks," in the Strait Shambles. Distance 50 yards
- sum £5 a side. Mr. Bibby won by half a yard.
Mr. Bibby then ran another 50 yard race with 
Mr. W. Clayton, landlord of the Spread Eagle
Hotel, Lune Street, for £5 a side. After a severe 
race, Mr. Bibby came in winner by about 6 inches.
Preston Chronicle 18th August 1860
*
A DARKIE AND HIS BANJO
A coloured man named Thomas Davis, who said he 
was a traveller serenader, made the following 
complaint to the Bench: he said that on Thursday
night he went into the eating house of Mr. J. Shaw,
in the Market Place, for the purpose of purchasing
a penny pie. Whilst he was in the shop, two other
men came in and attempted to steal a piece of beef. 
They got some into their hands, but afterwards let
it drop, and ran away. Just as they were going out,
Mr. Shaw came up, seized him (Davis) by the throat, 
and sent for a policeman. He was taken to the Police
Station, but was afterwards set at liberty.

During the time he was at the police station, his banjo, 
which was left in the shop of Mr. Shaw, had been broken 
by a man named Bibby. PC. Farrington was asked if
he knew who Bibby was, and he said, "Yes, George
Bibby, landlord of the Swan witth Two Necks." 

Mr. Shaw said he thought the two men had been 
connected with Davis. The Bench issued a summons 
against George Bibby.
Preston Chronicle 26th January 1861
*
Preston Chronicle  6th November 1861
*
TO BE LET
All that excellent INN, situate in the Shambles,
and known by the name of the "Swan with Two Necks"

The INN could not be more eligibly situated for
commanding a good business, as it is in contiguity
with the market, and in the midst of one of the 
throngest thoroughfares in the town. To anyone
calculated for a business of this kind, it might soon
become a lucrative source of income. The stock 
and fixtures may be had on terms of the most
moderate kind, affording a bargain to the taker
that rarely occurs.
N.B. All particulars can be had by applying to
Mr. Richard Robinson, Wine and Spirit Merchant
3 and 4 Avenham Street, Preston.
Preston Chronicle 10th May 1862
*
*
Preston Chronicle  8th August 1863
*
Preston Chronicle  6th February 1864
*
PUBLIC HOUSE TO BE LET
The proprietor leaving the town.
The SWAN WITH TWO NECKS, Market Place,
Preston. One of the oldest licensed houses in the
town, doing a good wholesale brewing trade both
in town and country, and capable of great extension.

Apply as above JOHN TOPPING
Preston Chronicle 3rd September 1864
*
Preston Chronicle  18th December 1869
*
Preston Chronicle  5th July 1879
*
CENSUS RETURNS
1841
Mary Thompson                            40 years                    Publican
Thomas Swarbrick.                       40                               Servant
James Spencer                                30                               Cotton Spinner
Nancy Spencer                               30                               Cotton Rover
Jane Swarbrick                                7                    

1851
Edward Hunt                                 40 years                    Innkeeper                  b. Bamber Bridge
Jane Hunt                                      43                             Wife                          b. Walton-le-dale
Ellen Hunt                                      18                             Daughter                               do
Ann Hunt                                       13                             Daughter                   b. Preston

1861
George Bibby                                37 years                    Lic. Vict.                   b. Preston
Agnes Bibby                                  36                             Wife                                  do
Ann Bibby                                     12                             Daughter                            do
Martha Bibby                                 9                              Daughter                            do
Agnes Bibby                                  7                               Daughter                           do
George Bibby                                 4                              Son                                   do
Richard Bibby                                7 months                   Son                                   do

1871
James Smith                                  27 years                    Publican                     b. Preston
Sarah Smith                                  29                              Wife                                  do
Mary Jane Smith                           3 months                    Daughter                            do
*


2 comments:

  1. James Swarbrick was born in 1793 at Wesham. He married Thomasine Melling in 1816.


    Extract from The Preston Pilot and County Advertiser Saturday January 18th 1840:

    A SQUABBLE- On Wednesday last Mrs Thomasin Swarbrick, of the Swan-with-two-necks, Straight Shambles, and Joseph Curling, a person employed as a waiter etc. by her, appeared before the magistrates at the Town-hall to answer a charge of assault preferred against them by Mrs Parker of the Roebuck public house situate a short distance from the Swan. From the statement of the complainant, it appeared that there had been some pecuniary transaction between her and the defendant, Mrs Swarbrick, and a balance of more than two pounds was alleged to be still owing, of which a settlement had been requested, but instead of the desire being complied with, a very uncivil answer had been sent back. Now this was more than the complainant felt disposed to submit to, and she thereupon resolved to ask for an explanation in propria personae, a resolution which the result showed to have been very unluckily formed; for in seeking for and obtaining an interview with the defendant and after making known her errand, the defendant with a zeal and energy “becoming a better cause” at once assumed an attitude of bold defiance and not content with barking without biting, then proceeded to “let slip” the claws of demolition, and “cry havoc” to a straw bonnet worn by the complainant. And in this merciless annihilation to the fragile head gear, the defendant, Curling, was implicated as being “aiding and abetting” though not, it would seem, to any violent extent, for on the termination of the hearing of the charges he was allowed to be discharged on payment of costs. The female defendant, however, was not let off on quite so favourable terms, for in her case it was decreed that not only should she pay the costs, but also make restitution to the complainant to the amount of the value of the bonnet; and to this it was further required that she should find bail to keep the peace towards all her Majesty’s lieges, more especially the complainant, with which several terms she instantly complied, and the parties then left the hall, under what feelings, respectively, the reader will more readily conceive than we could describe.”

    ReplyDelete
  2. James and Thomasine's son, Joseph Swarbrick born in 1820, seems to have been in charge in 1840:

    Advertisements & Notices .
    Preston Chronicle (Preston, England), Saturday, May 9, 1840; Issue 1445.
    Valuable Freehold Property on Sale
    To be Sold by Private Treaty
    The fee simple and inheritance of and in all that Inn or Public House situate in the Straight Shambles, in Preston, in the County of Lancaster, called or known by the name of "Swan-with-two-necks" and now in the occupation of Mr Joseph Swarbrick; and also of and in the Butcher's shop, in the occupation of the said Mr Joseph Swarbrick, adjoining the said Inn or Public House.
    The above is a very desirable investment for capitalists wanting good interest for their money, as it will realise from seven to eight percent; and is also capable of much improvement by a small outlay.
    For further particulars apply to Mr Thomas Dawson, Meadow-street, Preston.
    May 8th 1840

    And later that same year:

    Advertisements & Notices .
    Preston Chronicle (Preston, England), Saturday, October 17, 1840; Issue 1468.
    To Be Sold by Auction
    The fee simple and inheritance of and in all that well-accustomed Inn or Public House called "The Swan-with-two-necks," and also the Butcher's Shop underneath or adjoining to the same, situate in the Straight Shambles in Preston, and now or lately, in the possession of Joseph Swarbrick as tenant thereof, from year to year, at a rent of £50.

    Dave Swarbrick [no relation]

    ReplyDelete