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Sunday, 11 November 2012

LIME KILN INN, Aqueduct Street

100 Old Lancaster Lane
49  (later 288)  Aqueduct Street
This wonderful image was sent to me by Richard Stirzaker, a descendant of the similarly
named licensee of the period  1877 - 1881. Here he can be seen standing with his mother,
Mary Barnes. The blurred figures with them are his wife, Mary and some of his children.
Red and white tiles were used on the fronts of a number
of inns and taverns over the years.

It was formerly a tradition to paint on the door posts of every public house, a
square of red and white compartments like a chess board. This was a very
ancient symbol extending as far back as the Roman Empire; but its meaning
at that time has never been clearly ascertained. It may still be seen in Pompeii.

The Chequers became a common sign for country inns, and the probability is that
the custom was adopted to denote that the house had been duly licensed, a field
'arg' and 'gu' being the arms of the ancient family of Fitzwarren, the head of which
house, in former times, had the privilege of licensing the houses of vintners and publicans.
1839                  David Davies - owned by Edward Harrison. Not necessarily correct. Confirmation?
1852                       William Worthington
1852 - 54                John Taylor
1856                       James Norcroft
1856                       Thomas Lund
1857                       Alice Finch
1859 - 61               William Rawlinson
1865                       Ralph Spencer
1869 - 73                Henry Smith
1873                       James Ridge
1875                       Ellen Ridge
1876 - 81               Richard Stirzaker
1882 - 86               George Pickersgill Bury  (Berry)
1886                       John Thomas Banks
1887                       Ann Brown
1887                       John Ratcliffe
1888 - 90               William Walne
1890 - 92               Thomas Nelson
1892                       Robert Walker
1893                       John James Robinson
1894                       John Ratcliffe
1894 - 95               James Turner
1896                       Thomas Johnson
1897 - 98               Eliza Constantine
1898 - 99               Patrick McGlynn Keefe
1899 - 1901           Thomas McGuiness
1901 - 02               Margaret Ellen Kerr
1904                       Edward Ross
1904 - 17               Robert Taylor
1926 - 27               Henry Wilkinson
1932 - 48               Richard Danson
1967                      Herbert Dawson     (Is this coincidence, or are this man and the previous one connected?)

This photograph, courtesy of Pat Bird, is of a fishing party, taken in about 1919 outside
the Lime Kiln Inn. The men in the photograph don't all look as though they are going
fishing, and it isn't known where they were going to do their fishing. The notice in the right
hand window indicates a fishing contest, but whether it was sea-fishing or coarse-fishing isn't known. They were, of course, just 20 yards from the canal, so it could have been there!
Preston Guardian  17th September 1859
Preston Guardian  9th October 1875
James Ridge and William Kay were brought up for 
feloniously doing harm to the premises of James Nixon,
owner of the Lime Kiln Inn.
Early on the morning of the 24th September 1875,  a
police constable on duty in the neighbourhood of Fylde
Road, heard a loud noise as of an explosion, and looking
in the direction of the sound, he saw a window falling out
of the side of the Lime Kiln Inn into the street. He could
see that the house was filled with smoke, and ascertained
that the explosion occurred as a result of a quantity of
gunpowder being thrown onto the fire. It appeared that
both the accused were implicated.

The wife of one of the accused made a statement, that
if proved truthful, would show that Ridge was innocent.
It appeared that Ridge absented himself some months 
since because of a disagreement, returning about three
weeks since. The witness said the powder which caused 
the explosion was placed by her behind some pots in the 
kitchen. Kay, from something that was said, went to look
for the powder, and when he saw it he could not believe 
that it was gunpowder, although Ridge told him it was.

Kay then, incautiously, placed the cannister over the fire
and scattered a few grains of the powder in the flames; 
and that was how the explosion occurred. Kay was injured
in the explosion.

It would seem that Ridge had had a row with the owner of
the property, but was keen to distance himself with the 
explosion. When charged with causing the explosion he
replied, "I know nowt about it; fetch Kay in."  He then 
said, "Kay, do I know owt about it?" and Kay said, "I put
the powder on the fire." Ridge said, "Do I know owt about
it?" and Kay replied, "Thou knows all about it; thou led
me into it."

The case was adjourned and the men were bailed, each in the 
sum of £50 with two further sureties of £25 each.
Preston Chronicle 25th September 1875

The outcome of this case isn't known, but it seems that
James Ridge had become a no-good, and appeared in
court on other serious charges.
Preston Chronicle  30th September 1876
Preston Guardian  31st May 1879
 Preston Guardian  20th September 1884
Preston Guardian  15th October 1887
Taken from the P.N.E. Handbook of the 1898 - 99 Season
William Rawlinson                  40 years               Publican                    b. Kirkham
Ellen Rawlinson                      40                        Wife                         b. Tarleton
Susannah Rawlinson                2                         Daughter                   b. Preston

Henry Smith                           29 years               Lic. Vict.                  b. Doncaster
Charlotte Smith                       ?                          Wife                        b. Colne

Richard Stirzaker                   41 years               Innkeeper                 b. Clifton
Mary Stirzaker                       41                        Wife                        b. Standish
John Stirzaker                        20                        Son                          b. Preston
Elizabeth Stirzaker                  17                        Daughter                           do
Mary Stirzaker                       14                        Daughter                            do
Richard Stirzaker                    12                        Son                                   do
Henry Stirzaker                      10                         Son                                  do
Ann Stirzaker                          8                          Daughter                           do
William Stirzaker                     2                          Son                                  do

Thomas Nelson                      63 years                Publican                  b. Lancaster

Thomas McGuiness               36 years                Hotel Keeper           b. Dublin
Margaret McGuiness             37                          Wife                       b. Preston

Robert Taylor                        40 years                Publican                   b. Garstang
Elizabeth Helen Taylor           40                         Wife / Assistant        b. Preston
Helen Taylor                          19                      Daughter / Assistant            do
James Taylor                         16                      Son / Cotton Creeler           do
George Taylor                       12                       Son / School                      do
Alice Taylor                           8                        Daughter / School               do  

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